tool die design metal stamping


 

Tool & Die Making
Articles
Bend Radius
Deep Drawn
Fine Blanking
Formular
Progression strip layout

Slug pulling prevention
Tool die Design
Tool die design book


Jig and Fixture
Jigs and Fixture Design


Materials treatment
Annealing metal
Case hardening
Density
Electrical Conductivity
heat treatment process
heat treating steel

Thermal Expansion


Material
Aluminum
Alu comparison table
Aluminum Tempering
Carbon Steel
Copper alloy
Low alloys
Material nations & Equivalents
Nickel alloys

Stainless Steel

Stainless Steel comparison table
Tool Steel equivalent
Tungsten Carbide
Wrought stainless Steel


Manufacturing
Conversion Charts
Drill Angle
Drill size
Energy Efficiency
Math Area
Machining Cutting Time
Technical articles
Work Done
Velocity


Geometric Tolerancing
GDT
Tolerance chart ISO
Surface Roughness
Surface Texture


Quality Control
AQL
Process Capability CPK
Sampling plan
Level I, II, III


Engineering Plastic
Machining of plastic
Selection of plastic


 

Electrical Conductivity of Metals

 

Metal
Relative
Conductivity*
Temperature
Coefficient of
Resistance**
Tensile
Strength
(lbs./sq. in.)
Composition
of Earth's Crust
(% by Weight)
Aluminum (2S; pure)
59
0.0039
30,000
8.1
Aluminum (alloys):
  • Soft-annealed
  • Heat-treated

  • 45-50
    30-45






    Brass
    28
    0.002-0.007
    70,000
    Cadmium
    19
    0.0038
    .0001
    Chromium
    55
    .02
    Climax
    1.83
    0.0007
    150,000
    Cobalt
    16.3
    0.0033
    .002
    Constantin
    3.24
    0.00001
    120,000
    Copper:
    Hard drawn
  • Annealed

  • 89.5
    100

    0.00382
    0.00393

    60,000
    30,000


    .007
    Everdur
    6
    Gold
    65
    0.0034
    20,000
    .0000005
    Iron:
  • Pure
  • Cast
  • Wrought

  • 17.7
    2-12
    11.4

    0.005





    5.0

    Lead
    7
    0.0039
    3,000
    .002
    Magnesium
    0.004
    33,000
    2.1
    Manganin
    3.7
    0.00001
    150,000
    Mercury
    1.66
    0.00089
    0
    .00005
    Molybdenum
    33.2
    0.004
    .001
    Monel
    4
    0.002
    160,000
    Nichrome
    1.45
    0.0004
    150,000
    Nickel
    12-16
    0.006
    120,000
    .008
    Nickel silver (18%)
    5.3
    0.00014
    150,000
    Phosphor bronze
    36
    0.0018
    25,000
    Platinum
    15
    0.003
    55,000
    .0000005
    Silver
    106
    0.0038
    42,000
    .00001
    Steel
    3-15
    0.004-0.005
    42,000-230,000
    Tin
    13
    0.0042
    4,000
    .004
    Titanium
    5
    50,000
    .4
    Titanium, 6A14V
    5
    130,000
    Tungsten
    28.9
    0.0045
    500,000
    .007
    Zinc
    28.2
    0.0037
    10,000
    .01

    Electrical conductivity, conductivity thermal. Thermal Expansion and conductivity of metal